The Sale of Goods Act c 54 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which regulated English contract law and UK commercial law in respect of goods that sale of goods changed name sold and bought. The Act consolidated the original Sale of Goods Act and subsequent legislation, which in turn had codified and stationery sale lying the law.
Sincethere have been numerous minor statutory amendments and additions to the Act. It was replaced for some aspects of consumer contracts from 1 October by the Consumer Rights Act c 15 but remains the primary legislation underpinning Business-to-business transactions involving selling or buying goods. The Act applies to contracts where property in 'goods' are transferred or agreed to be transferred for a monetary consideration in other words: where property ownership in personal chattels stationery sale lying sold.
Sections 2 to 15B concern how a contract is formed and, in particular, contains standardised implied terms in all contracts for sale. Section 3 2 provides that if goods are sold and delivered stationery sale lying minors  or those mentally incapacitated  the minor will be liable to pay a reasonable price if the goods are necessaries.
Necessaries are goods suitable to the persons' condition of life and actual requirements at the time of contracting. Under sections 6 and 7, concerning specific goods that perish, a contract is void where they perish before and avoided where they perish after contract formation.
Under section 8 2 the price is a money consideration given in exchange for property in goods. If the price, or means to ascertain a price, is not agreed, the buyer will be required to pay a reasonable price. Breach of these terms by the seller sale of goods changed name give rise to an action for damagesand in the case of those terms which are also conditions, termination of the contract.
Where the slightness of the breach renders it unreasonable for a non-consumer buyer to reject the goods, for breach of the implied terms as to descriptionquality or fitness or samplethen the buyer can only claim damages for a breach of warranty. Section 12 incorporates into the contract a term that the seller either has legal title to the property to be sold or stationery sale lying he stationery sale lying have title at the time when property is to pass.
Section 13 1 provides that where the buyer is sold goods by description, the goods must correspond with this description. Harlingdon v Christopher Hull  held that this implied term may only be breached if the buyer relied upon the description. Therefore, if the buyer is an expert, reliance may not be established.
Section 14 states that terms are implicitly about quality and title and are only relevant where the seller is acting in the course of a business. There is gift voucher code buy conduct requirement as to the status of the buyer.
The phrase "in the course click the following article a business" has received much judicial consideration. Some judges have applied definitions found in other actsbut the case of Stevenson v Rogers sale of goods changed name gives a wide definition to this requirement. It will encompass activity which is ancillary or loosely related to the business of a company. To use Richards'  example, a bank that sells a company car will be acting in the course of a business.
Under section 15, when goods are bought by bulk and the buyer has tested or examined a small number of those goods, the seller is obliged to make sure that every item in the bulk corresponds here the quality of the sample tested or examined.
Sections 16 to 26 concern a contract's effects, and in particular the transfer of property and title. Under section 16, property ownership cannot pass unless the goods are ascertained the actual goods to be sold are identified. These 'rules' can be excluded by contrary implication or express agreement.
Sections 27 to 39 concern performance of the contract. Under section 29, concerning the place of transfer, where location stationery sale lying not stipulated, the buyer must collect the goods at the sellers' place of business. If the contract sale of goods changed name concluded by a means of communication at a distance and the buyer is a consumerthis provision is disapplied and the Consumer Protection Distance Selling Regulations apply instead.
Within six months, beginning at the time at which the goods were delivered, the buyer can require the seller to repair the goods, reduce the price, or rescind revesting property and requiring the return of any payment the contract where the buyer successfully claims that the goods were not in accordance with the contract at the time of delivery. Terms from the Sale of Goods Act will not be incorporated into the contract where they have been expressly excludedor express terms conflict with them.
If the term excluding these implied terms stationery sale lying struck out, the implied term will be effective. Under the Unfair Contract Terms Actsection 12 may never be excluded, and sections 13 to 15 may never be excluded where the buyer is a consumer. The success of both the and statutes was largely down to their conciseness and to Sir Mackenzie's clarity of expression.
Sale of goods changed name the s, a number of short statutes were passed to amend the Act, and a new updated and consolidated Act is considered to be overdue.
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